Primary Artist: Terry Forman
Created: San Francisco Collective, 1980 under the name Graficas Guazabara
Medium: Offset printed
Dimensions: 19″ x 25″
Puerto Rico has been a colony of the US since 1898. Pedro Albizu Campos (1891–1965), the national hero of Puerto Rico, was the president of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party from 1930 to 1965. In 1937, police opened fire on a crowd of peaceful marchers in Ponce, killing 19 and wounding 200 others including women and children. This is known in Puerto Rico as the Ponce Massacre. This attack clearly showed that the US was willing to use as much force as necessary to maintain their colonial control in Puerto Rico. In 1950, the Nationalist Party led revolts for independence across the island which were met with overwhelming US military force. Nationalists were killed with impunity across the island while the U.S. military bombed the towns of Jayuya and Utuado. Pedro Albizu Campos and hundreds of other Nationalists were arrested and imprisoned. Pedro Albizu Campos was imprisoned for 26 years and died shortly after his pardon.
For more background, here is an article about colonialism in Puerto Rico.
Image: Photo of Don Pedro Albizu Campos with Puerto Rico’s Lares Flag in the background.
Words: Three quotes: Upper Right: “Los socilaistas perferíamose que Albizu hubiese sido socilaista. Pero este no es un caso de perferencias experiencia histórica…” by Don Juan Antonio Corretjer Secretaria General Liga Socilalista Puertorriqueña Decipulo y Companero de Albizu Campos Lower Right: “Tú eres el tremendo apagón de tinieblas Caudal…” by Lolita Lebron, Lower Left: “Albizu Campos es un símbolo de la América todavía de prisoners, presiones casi insoportables en la cárcel…” by Comandante Ernesto Che Guevara.
Color: red, blue and black on white paper
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