Primary Artist: Terry Forman
Created: San Francisco Collective, 1985
Medium: Offset printed
Dimensions: 11″ x 17″
At the time of this forum in 1985, the struggle to free South African from white settler colonial rule and apartheid was happening on many fronts: Two national liberation organizations, the African National Congress and the Pan Africanist Congress, were carrying out armed struggle to free their nation. The Black Consciousness Movement was building “an attitude of mind” and “way of life” for black people in South Africa to believe in their potential and value as Black people and work together for a holistic liberation. Lastly, there was a formidable international protest movement demanding that universities and corporations divest of their investments in South Africa. Chokwe Lumumba, Chairman of the New Afrikan People Organization, and Mosibudi Mangena, Chairman of the Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa (and his colleague Thembekile Xiphu, US Representative of the Black Consciousness Movement), came together in this forum to forge an alliance between their organizations and to educate people about the parallels between their struggles to free their peoples from settler colonialism and white supremacy.
For more information about the Black Consciousness Movement.
For more information about the New African People’s Organization.
Image: Three blocks with photos: From top – Malcolm X, South African Demonstration, Steven Biko
Words: “With Freedom in Their Eyes…” The Legacy of Malcolm X and Steven Biko,” Revolutionary Black Nationalism in the U.S. and South Africa Speakers: Chokwe Lumumba, Chairman of the New Afrikan People’s Organization, Thembekile Xiphu, US Representative of the Black Consciousness Movement of Azania.
Color: black ink on white paper
Event: Friday, Sept. 27, Women’s Bldg, San Francisco, CA.
Sponsors: John Brown Anti-Klan Committee, Freedom Rising Africa Solidarity Committee
© Fireworks Graphics Collective. Go to “Contact Us” for legal use.